Worldwide Bi-Metallic Collectors Club
Newsmail #293


WBCC Newsmail 293, Volume 7, March 23, 2002 --------------------------------------------------------------------
Composed with help from members of the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC), and weekly published by Martin Peeters, Netherlands, Focal Point of the WBCC

Dear WBCC members and non WBCC members,

I hope you really enjoy reading this weeks WBCC Newsmail !!

1. New WBCC Members ... by Martin Peeters, WBCC Focal Point

We have two new WBCC members. Let me introduce them to you:

Name: Reijo Saine (WBCC member #251), Finland
Age: 48v (10.3.2002)
Profession: Electric engineer
Hobby: Coin I'm now making an new collection where are only bi-metalls.
Almost all my bi-coins are from europe, but I try to get more from further. Goal: To get a nice Bi-collection
Against: war
How did know about the WBCC: I got this address from Rod Sell.

Name: Benjamin Swagerty (WBCC member #252), USA
Age: 29
Profession: education
Hobby: world coins including all bi and tri-metallics
Goal: To speak fluent Korean, read Chinese, write a book, visit every country of the world
I found out about this club from World Coin News, and another member of the
Oklahoma City Coin Club, Ron LaSpisa

2. My New E-mail Address by ... Barry Wilson, USA

Please read mt new E-mail address: Berry Wilson, WBCC member #129), USA

3. Bi-metallic 2 Euro and Edge Lettering ... by Frans Woons, Canada

The new euro coins show a variety of edges to help the visual impaired in identifying the coins. The types of edges found are: smooth (1 and 5 euro cent), a single groove around the coin (2 euro cent), coarsely reeded (10 and 50 euro cent), smooth with seven indentations (20 euro cent), alternating sections that are smooth and finely reeded (€ 1), and finely reeded plus incuse lettering (€ 2). This information and the report that some € 2 pieces show the "wrong" lettering made me look into the coin production process a little closer. In contrast to older coins (struck before the introduction of the screw press around 1500 A. D.), modern coins are struck in a collar (sometimes called "virole brise"; the other two dies being for the obverse and reverse of the coins). Because early coins were struck without a collar, they tend to be irregular in shape (so-called "splashes").

Coins with a smooth or straight reeded (either total or partial) edge can be struck in one operation. In those cases the inside of the collar is either smooth or (partially) grooved (vertically). Coins with edge lettering (incuse or raised) cannot be struck in a tight-fitting collar; the coin and / or collar would be damaged when the coin is ejected from the collar. A possible solution is a collar in sections (the so-called "virole brisé"). In that case the collar sections are moved apart just before the coin is ejected from the press. However, this is a slow process; too slow for modern high-speed presses.

So, how is the edge lettering applied to the € 2 coins? I don't know for sure but after some reading I came to the conclusion that it must be done before or after the obverse and reverse dies are applied (simultaneously).

First possibility: in many mints it is customary that coin blanks go through a "rimming machine" before they are struck. This machine reduces the diameter of the planchets a bit thus making them a little thicker at the edges (the "upsetting" process). During this process the edge lettering (or a groove as for the 2 euro cent piece) can be applied. This was customary in early American coins which were rolled between two dies ("cheeks") in a "Castaing Machine" (e.g., 1793 1 cent pieces with the incuse edge lettering ONE HUNDRED FOR A DOLLAR). Coins with raised edge lettering include Maria Theresa thalers of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.

The second possibility is that the coin, after it has been struck, is rolled in an edge milling machine. This was sometimes done in the 18th century to produce coins with slanted grooves or similar pattern.

In conclusion, I think the production of the € 2 pieces is as follows (concerning the edges): First the blanks go through a rimming machine that produces the incuse lettering [e.g., in the Dutch coins GOD * ZIJ * MET * ONS * (God be with us)], second the coin is struck in a finely grooved collar producing the reeding.

For more information on coin making see the book "The Art and Craft on Coinmaking; A History of Minting Technology" written by Denis R. Cooper and published by Spink & Son, in London, England, in 1988.

4. Bi-metallic Medals From the Canning Mint ... by Rod Sell, Australia

In our new images page: new Images, you can see a special 20th Anniversary of modern Bi-metallics Medal from the Canning Mint.

These medals are available in 2 varieties. One with a copper ring and aluminium centre as per the image. The other is in reverse with an aluminium ring and copper centre. They will only be struck to order, if you are interested in either at a cost of US$7 each plus postage, please email me: Rod Sell.

5. Bi-metallic Euro service by the WBCC ... by Martin Peeters and Frans Dubois

Several WBCC members made requests to send Bi-metallic Euros to them. As a service of the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club to all WBCC members we try to compose complete sets of all Bi-metallic 1 and 2 Euro of each country. We want to let you know that we are still busy getting the Bi-metallics. So please have some patience.

6. The WBCC Bi-metallic Quiz Game #293 ... by Jack Hepler, USA

The mother of Queen Elizabeth II recently enjoyed a year-long celebration of her 100th Birthday. Nine member countries of the Commonwealth of nations participated in the celebration by minting commemorative Bi-metallic coins. In which year was the Queen Mother actually born?
a. 1899
b. 1900
c. 1901
d. 1902
Please send your answer to me: Jack Hepler.

Answer to Bi-metallic Quiz Game question #292.
Eva Peron died in 1952 but remains today as a well-known figure in Argentine history. She is featured on the One Peso Bi-metallic of 1997. This coin was issued to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of Argentine women’s right to vote. What was Eva Peron’s maiden name?
a. Eva Perez.
b. Maria Borges.
c. Eva Sanchez.
d. Maria Duarte.

Answer to Question #292 is "d" Maria Duarte. To be more precise; Eva Maria Duarte. Her full name appears on the 1997 One Peso of Argentina. Summary of answers to Quiz Game Question #291: 83.33 % correct. Six players. You may expect to see several more questions regarding women on Bi-metallic coins.

7. New Bi- or Tri-metallic Images ... by Rod Sell, Australia

The new Bi-metallic images shown at: New Images.
New listed are:
* Ecus from Germany
* Russian Space Agency Medal for Kazakhstan officials

8. WBCC Auction 42 ... by Rod Sell, WBCC Auction Provider

I am now accepting lots for auction 42 which opens with the newsmail on the 6th April. Items listed so far can be seen at: Auction 42. Please consider listing you spares. Please email me the details.

The more items we have listed the better the auction.

"See you", next week,
Martin Peeters, Focal Point of the Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club

The Worldwide Bi-metallic Collectors Club (WBCC) was established September 14, 1996 and is the very first Worldwide Collectors Club using the Internet. Goal of the WBCC is exchange Bi-metallics and exchange knowledge about Bi-metallics
WBCC Organisation:
WBCC Websmaster, JD White, USA.
WBCC Auction Provider, Rod Sell, Australia.
WBCC DoCu-Centre: Frans Dubois, Netherlands.
WBCC Public Relations: Cliff Anderson,USA.
WBCC Research Centre: Paul Baker, UK.
WBCC Developement Centre: Jack Hepler, USA.
WBCC Focal Point: ANA Convention 2001, Ray Lockwood, USA.
WBCC Focal Point: Martin Peeters, Netherlands
WBCC Website
Bi-metallic Forum Page
The WBCC is officially sponsored for the Basel World Money Fair by:
* Imprensa Nacional - Casa da Moeda, S.A (The Portuguese Mint) and Schuler Presses, Germany.

Copyright 2002, All Rights Reserved